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Faculty Detail    
Associate Professor
Department of Vision Sciences
Campus Address WORB 612 Zip 4390
Phone  (205) 934-2601
Other websites

Undergraduate  Engineering School, University of Trieste, Italy    1986  Doctor in Electronics Engineering (5-years laurea) 
Undergraduate  Italian Navy Academy    1987  Midshipman (Naval weapon systems doctor engineer) 
Graduate  Research Doctorate, University of Trieste, Italy    1992  Ph.D. (Research Doctor) in Bioengineering 
Fellowship  Clinical Engineering Specialization School, University of Trieste, Italy    1994  Clinical Engineer 

Italian Government Board of Engineers Certification  1992 

Faculty Appointment(s)
Appointment Type Department Division Rank
Primary  Dept of Optometry & Vision Science  Dept of Optometry & Vision Science Associate Professor
Center  General Clinical Research Center  Comprehensive Neuroscience Center Associate Professor
Center  Vision Sciences (Org-Ret)  Ctr for Dev Func Imaging (CDFI) (Org-Ret) Associate Professor

Graduate Biomedical Sciences Affiliations
Medical Scientist Training Program 

Biographical Sketch 
Claudio Busettini (b. Trieste, Italy, 1959). Associate Professor at the Department of Vision Sciences. After his military service in the Italian Navy (1986-1988), in 1989 he joined the group of Dr. Fred Miles at the Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, NEI, NIH, in Bethesda (MD) as visiting fellow. In 1992 he returned to Italy. Back with Dr. Miles in 1994 as visiting scientist, in 1997 he moved to UAB as post-doctoral fellow in the group of Dr. Larry Mays at the Department of Physiological Optics, later renamed Department of Vision Sciences. Gradually moving through the ranks, in 2012 he obtained tenure and the promotion to Associate Professor.

Society Memberships
Organization Name Position Held Org Link
Society for Neuroscience  member 
The American Physiological Society  member 
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology  member 

Research/Clinical Interest
Eye movements in a three-dimensional visual environment and mechanisms of binocular alignment
Primates have several oculomotor systems, which function is to redirect the eyes on objects of interest, track moving objects, and stabilize the retinal image during motion. Our main interest is the understanding of the interactions among these eye movement systems while exploring three-dimensional visual environments. Of direct implication for the etiology of strabismus, we are also studying their interactions during the adaptive processes elicited in response to altered binocular coordination. Collaborative clinical research projects of our group include the quantification of the effects of sedatives on saccadic eye movements (Dept. of Anesthesiology), and the analysis of eye fixation in children with unilateral congenital cataract (IATS project, Emory Univ).

Selected Publications 
Publication PUBMEDID
Busettini C, Masson GS, Miles FA.
Radial optic flow induces vergence eye movements with ultra-short latencies
Nature, vol 390(6659), pp 512-515, 1997. 
Masson GS, Busettini C, Miles FA.
Vergence eye movements in response to binocular disparity without depth perception.
Nature, vol 389(6648), pp 235-237, 1997. 
Busettini C, Miles FA, Krauzlis RJ.
Short-latency disparity vergence responses and their dependence on a prior saccadic eye movement.
J Neurophysiol, vol 75(4), 1392-1410, 1996. 
Busettini C, Masson GS, Miles FA.
A role for stereoscopic depth cues in the rapid visual stabilization of the eyes.
Nature, vol 380(6572), pp 342-345, 1996. 
Busettini C, Miles FA, Schwarz U, Carl JR.
Human ocular responses to translation of the observer and of the scene: dependence on viewing distance.
Exp Brain Res, vol 100(3), pp 484-494, 1994. 
Schwarz U, Busettini C, Miles FA.
Ocular responses to linear motion are inversely proportional to viewing distance.
Science, vol 245(4924), pp 1394-1396, 1989. 
Schultz KP, Busettini C.
Short-term saccadic adaptation in the macaque monkey: a binocular mechanism.
J. Neurophysiol, vol 109(2), pp 518-545, 2013  
Schultz KP, Williams CR, Busettini C.
Macaque pontine omnipause neurons play no direct role in the generation of eye blinks.
J. Neurophysiol, vol 103(4), pp 2255-2274, 2010. 
Busettini C, Miles FA, Schwarz U.
Ocular responses to translation and their dependence on viewing distance. II. Motion of the scene.
J Neurophysiol, vol 66(3), pp 865-878, 1991. 
Busettini C, Mays LE.
Saccade-vergence interactions in macaques. I. Test of the omnipause Multiply Model.
J Neurophysiol, vol 94(4), pp 2295-2311, 2005. 
Miles FA, Busettini C.
Ocular compensation for self-motion. Visual mechanisms.
Ann N Y Acad Sci, vol 656, pp 220-232, 1992. 
Busettini C, Mays LE.
Saccade-vergence interactions in macaques. II. Vergence enhancement as the product of a local feedback vergence motor error and a weighted saccadic burst.
J Neurophysiol, vol 94(4), pp 2312-2330, 2005.  
Busettini C, Mays LE.
Pontine omnipause activity during conjugate and disconjugate eye movements in macaques.
J Neurophysiol, vol 90(6), pp 3838-3853, 2003. 
Masson GS, Busettini C, Yang DS, Miles FA.
Short-latency ocular following in humans: sensitivity to binocular disparity.
Vision Res, vol 41(25-26), pp 3371-3387, 2001. 
Busettini C, Fitzgibbon EJ, Miles FA.
Short-latency disparity vergence in humans.
J Neurophysiol, vol 85(3), pp 1129-1152, 2001. 

eye movements, primate, vergence, saccade, adaptation